A garden is a natural space, it is where nature is contained and controlled but, nonetheless, natural. It is a space where we can allow ourselves to create and, we could say, to control also. A capacity to exercise a certain control over nature is what makes us human. This struggle to subject our surroundings has existed for centuries. In the West gardens were generally created to be formal, architectural and adjusted to man’s rules. In the East they tried to reflect natural forces and to distil the essence of nature rather than celebrate the advances of mankind, but still with everything under strict control.

As both visions are compatible, they will doubtlessly be employed together in green areas of the future. Whatever happens we will need to surround ourselves with nature and we will have to manipulate it in order to fit in with our circumstances. Maybe what will happen in the future is that we will see a new interest in compensating nature for the damage caused in the past; maybe we will look for maintenance efficiencies by using local species, or it could be that the focus will be on blending in with the surroundings. Whatever happens it’s logical to think that gardens will be designed to be more respectful of the patterns, modes and elements that make up the landscape and they will certainly continue to give us pleasure and shelter by favouring our innate tendency to contemplate life and to heal our spirit.